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American Journal of Political Science. Human behavior: An inventory of scientific findings. Berelson B, Steiner GA. We use the first wave (fielded in December 2013), which include extensive background characteristics as well as a detailed program specific list of media exposure variables (see ). "Improving fiscal policy in the EU: the case for independent forecasts," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 210, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission. This gives us a first indication of PSE, although it does not indicate whether adherents of a certain political party also have a similar media diet, distinct from adherents of a different party. This allows us to decipher whether it is the case that respondents belonging to latent classes of media users are characterized by different political standings, controlling for their social background. In particular in times of financial crisis and unsustainable public finance, evaluation of election platforms can serve as a disciplining device for unrealistic or (time) inconsistent promises by politicians. Recent years developments in the media landscape have augmented these processes and made it increasingly easy to self-select a media diet consonant with existing views. First of all, in particular in terms of social media,  suggest that the context of choice of stories is different and that social cues play a role such that social endorsements provide a cue that suggests utility of news, which can overcome PSE processes. However, there may be adverse effects, in particular when trade-offs are presented in an unbalanced way or when the rules of the evaluation provide too much room for gaming and free lunches. Hanushek, Eric A. Theory Political Selective Exposure The tendency of media consumers to select information that is in line with their predispositions is not new (e.g.,   ). 2010; 60(3): 556576. Exposure to news sources, related to party preference. 7. Latent class cluster analysis. Even though Dutch citizens indeed expose themselves to different media, in part based on partisan affiliation, members of none of the clusters completely avoid the public broadcasting news because of expected disagreement. Evaluating election platforms: a task for fiscal councils? Scope and rules of the game in view of 25 years of Dutch practice. In this Research Note we will focus on the Dutch case to assess the extent of PSE, i.e., the situation in which partisans expose themselves to certain news content, based on anticipated alignment between their attitudes and the content, and avoid other news content, based on anticipated disagreement.
Political information opportunities in Europe: A longitudinal and comparative study of thirteen television systems. Baum MA. DiTella, Rafael & MacCulloch, Robert & Oswald, Andrew J., 2001. Frits Bos, 2008. Stroud NJ. Moreover, entropy, which measures the ability of a () model to provide well separated clusters and for which values approaching one indicate clear delineation of classes (), has a value of .942 in the four-profile solution. Moreover, we found that minimalists are less interested in politics than people who are more often exposed to mass mediated news and information. Popular news consumers more often prefer (the very different) social democrats and the right-wing populist party. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2012.00600.x. This process of political selective exposure (PSE) has been found to produce a range of undesired outcomes such as polarization, attitude extremity, incivility, and lack of understanding for opposing points of views (for an overview of the literature, see ). Applied latent class analysis. View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar Download PDF Citation XML Print Print article EzReprint Share Reddit Google+ StumbleUpon Facebook LinkedIn CiteULike Mendeley PubChase Twitter Email Subject Areas ? For more information about PLOS Subject Areas, click here. a62f3694b4
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